Immunity is body's ability to resist or eliminate potentially harmful foreign materials or abnormal cells. Immune system works as both a physical and biological defense, Consists of following activities:
To run all these functions smoothly it’s very important to keep your immune system healthy.
External defenses: Skin, Mucous membranes, Secretions.
Internal defenses: Leukocytes (white blood cells) act like independent, single-celled organisms and are the second arm of the innate immune system. The innate leukocytes include the phagocytes (macrophages, neutrophils, and dendritic cells), mast cells, eosinophils, basophils, and natural killer cells. These cells identify and eliminate pathogens and are also important mediators in the activation of the adaptive immune system.
Adaptive immune system: These are special types of leukocytes, called lymphocytes. B cells and T cells are the major types of lymphocytes and are derived from hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow.
Skin: Skin creates a barrier against virus, bacteria, chemicals, and temperature. The skin contains secretions that can kill bacteria and the pigment melanin provides a chemical pigment defense against ultraviolet light that can damage skin cells .
Mucus Membrane: The mucus membrane of your cell lining provides a barrier against foreign particles, captures them in its sticky mucus and clears them out to keep immune system healthy.
Secretion: Flushing action of saliva, tears, urine is body’s mechanism of eliminating toxins and chemicals.
Fight against pathogens: When any pathogen (bacteria, viruses or fungi) enters into your body it is called antigens . Your innate immune system recognizes the antigens and attacks them and makes antibodies . Antibodies are proteins that work to attack, weaken, and destroy antigens. Afterwards, your adaptive immune system remembers that antigen. If it sees the antigen again, it can recognize it and can quickly send out the right antibodies, so in most cases, you don't get sick. This is called immune response .
It’s Very Important to know the right process of keeping your immune system healthy. You can boost you immune system by,
Oxidative stress is an imbalance in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the ability to neutralize them and repair damage. That may occur when there are too many unstable molecules called free radicals in the body and not enough antioxidants to get rid of them. This can lead to cell and tissue damage.
Oxidative stress can cause chronic inflammation. Infections and injuries trigger the body's immune response . Immune cells called macrophages produce free radicals while fighting off invading germs. These free radicals can damage healthy cells, leading to inflammation.
Curcumin: Curcumin is a lipophilic substance of a polyphenol nature works as great antioxidants in our body. It is the bio-active components of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.). Studies have shown that curcumin could scavenge free radicals efficiently and protect cell membrane from oxidative damage by positioning itself within the cell membrane.
Curcumin makes our immune system healthy through its interaction with various immune modulators, including not only cellular components, such as dendritic cells, macrophages and both B and T lymphocytes, but also molecular components involved in the inflammatory processes, such as cytokines and various transcription factors.
Curcumin reduces the concentration of Malondialdehyde, (MDA) (bio-marker of oxidative stress in our body) and increases the immunity level TAC (Total Antioxidant Capacity), SOD (Superoxide Dismutase), GSTM1 (Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1)
Eugenol: Eugenol is the bioactive component of clove bud oil acts as an anti-inflammatory agent as well as protects the damage caused by oxidative stress.
Ginger Oil: The oil of ginger influences both cell-mediated immune response and nonspecific proliferation of T-lymphocyte, and may exert beneficial effect in a number of clinical conditions, such as chronic inflammation and autoimmune disease .
Cinnamon: Cinnamic aldehyde is the major component of cinnamon is very helpful from protection our body from free radicals.
Weak immune system is more likely to be affected by pathogens. Make a diet chart with the foods where you take sufficient carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, minerals every day. Avoid food with high salt, sugar and calories like fried food to keep your body healthy. Some foods to make our immune system healthy and strong are, Berries, Fish oil, Leafy greens, Nuts and seeds , Citrus fruits, bright colored vegetables, Yogurt, Olive oil. Changing lifestyle
You can make your immune system healthy by changing lifestyle. All you have to do is,
The immune system is a complicated network among the organs of the human body. This system works as a defender against the body's infection. When any germ enters the human body, the immune system recognizes it and destroys it.
The immune system, consisting of tissue, cells, and organs, works against body infection. This complex system works from different angles, such as recognizing pathogens and working as a defense.
There are many things behind boosting immune systems. Among these, healthy development is highly responsible. The foods that work to boost your immune system are citrus fruits, berries, garlic, ginger, yogurt, nuts, green leafy vegetables, spices like turmeric, bright colored vegetables and others mentioned above. You can keep the following foods on your diet list:
Some diets are responsible for weakening the immune system. Specifically, the foods are rich in sugar, salt, and saturated fats. Besides, drinking alcohol and smoking are highly responsible for weakening the immune system.
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